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# Molecular Computers

RD-blog-number-2466

An outline of DNA and other molecules, their math features, and their data processing abilities.

Here we look at DNA as a symbolic computer --> that has described itself via the atomic  English alphabet  language words .... proper nouns assigned to it.

### DNA - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules are informational molecules encoding the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known ...

alphabet data symbol  ----> D e o x y r i b o n  u  c  l  e  i  c  ...... A c i d
DNA computer address ---> 1....3 ...5...7...9....11...13.......16 ---> 1.....4

Above we see the Base 16 hexadecimal nature of the living  word--> Deoxyribonucleic
In mathematics and computer science, hexadecimal (also base 16, or hex) is a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16. It uses sixteen distinct symbols,

The double-helix may be perceived as  base 2 binary structure.

### Base 2 (Binary)

www.jimloy.com/math/base2.htm
Base 2 (also known as binary) is what computers use, internally. It has been joked that this is because they have two fingers (two electrical states, actually).

### Introduction to the Binary, or Base 2, Number System

www.itnewb.com/.../Introduction-to-the-Binary-or-Base-2-Number-S...
Jun 15, 2009 – In this article you'll learn about the Binary (Base 2) number system, which can be used to represent numbers using only 2 symbols

Thus the double-helix.....2 strands may be equivalent in some conceptual manner to 2 symbols  OR 2 electron states.

Above we see the Base 16 hexadecimal nature of the living  word--> Deoxyribonucleic

Base 16 number HEX'10' = decimal 16

Base 16 number Hex'100" = decimal 256  ...which gives us  alpha/numeric  B. 100.D  ...which is a rare symbolic thinking B100D type.

Thus alpha numeric B100D =  alphabet symbols B D  and number 100.
What number 100

Binary 100 = Decimal 4 -------> Binary B100D   4
Decimal 100 = Decimal 100 ---> Decimal B100D 100
HEX'100' = Decimal 256 ---> Hexadecimal B100D 256 ...very important in the human bio-computer ..... the human symbolic machine.

The Heme group Fe(2) ion  ---> implies 2 and Ferrous oxide atomic integer mass 56 --> giving hexadecimal code 256.
Heme group is used by hemoglobin proteins and myoglobin proteins. Myoglobin proteins are used by the arm writing muscles of authors and professor.

Acknowledgement of the existence of Base 16 hexadecimal B100D  AND
acknowledgement of the  LUNG Base 16 oxygen atomic bio-physics computer   .... enhances intellectual muscle.

### What are the 4 nucleotides for DNA

What are the 4 nucleotides for DNA? In: Genetics [Edit categories]. Answer: The 4 nucleotides in DNA are:
G = Guanine
C = Cytosine
T = Thymine ...

The math bio-computer features
A = Adenine  --> Ade + nine --> 8 data bits (1 byte) and 1 error correction data bit
G = Guanine --> Gua + nine --> The old bio-chemistry bio-computer  saying " The CAT has 9 lives"  is really stating in modern computer science terms that

the OLD system bio-computer Catalog went from 0, 1, 2....thru  9 (decimal TEN  system)

The new base 16 bio-computer SYS1.CATALOG has a range from 0, 1, 2, . ... ..9, A, B, C, D, E, F (decimal 15) ...in Base 16 hexadecimal language

### Parity bit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parity_bit
If an even number of bits have errors, the parity bit records the correct number of ones, even though the data is corrupt. (See also error detection and correction.) ...

### Error detection and correction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Error_detection_and_correction
5.1 Repetition codes; 5.2 Parity bits; 5.3 Checksums; 5.4 Cyclic redundancy checks (CRCs) ... 8 See also; 9 Notes; 10 References; 11 External links ... Forward error correction (FEC): The sender encodes the data using an error-correcting ...

DF]

### ERROR DETECTION AND CORRECTION

logos.cs.uic.edu/366/.../ErrorCorrectionAndDetectionSupplement.pdf
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
An error-correcting code uses multiple parity check bits that are stored with ... The 8-bit data word is written into the memory

[PDF]

### IBM Mainframe Operating Systems - Dave Morton's Writing Website

www.demorton.com/Tech/\$OSTL.pdf
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
main trunk. The term "System/370" means "IBM mainframe computing systems

### The Operating System Handbook - Snee

www.snee.com/bob/opsys/part6mvs.pdf
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
by B DuCharme - Cited by 3 - Related articles
The Operating System Handbook or, Fake Your ...... MVS is the primary operating system on the IBM 370 series of mainframes. (You may ..... IN CATALOG:SYS1

### JCL DD statements: Identify program libraries with JOBLIB or STEPLIB

publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/.../zjclc_jclxxxlibDDstmts.htm
Using JOBLIB or STEPLIB DD statements can reduce search time. ... a program, and will automatically search standard system program libraries, such as SYS1.

The way Nature's vast  system works ...is that  a group of humanoid engineers at
........37.0 degrees Celsius body processing temperature where sent to IBM to build a copper-wire version of the human system.
IBM 370 series of mainframes
IBM 370 series of mainframes
IBM 370 series of mainframes  ...then Nature used that copper-wire working model ..its hardware and software examples ...

I-BeaM 370 series of mainframes built of IRON atoms  ..... the skyscraper...symbolic machines such as the Base 2 BINARY WORLD TRADE CENTER in Manhattan.

Thus the  Base 2 or Double-Helix BATTLE of Sept 11, 2001.

### DNA - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules are informational molecules encoding the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known ...

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules are informational molecules
alphabet data symbol  ----> D e o x y r i b o n  u  c  l  e  i  c  ...... A c i d
DNA computer address ---> 1....3 ...5...7...9....11...13.......16 ---> 1.....4

Thus we see the various CLUES about the bio-computer system and its math mechanics.

Deoxyribonucleic has 16 symbols.
Base 16 can have  2 different BASE.....Base 2 exponent 4 --> 16 <----- Base 4 exponent 2

This is known as the MIRROR RULE  and the common denominator of 16

symbols     2, 4 ---> 16  <----- 4, 2 symbols

In biological clock terms ..the 24 hour clock .... VIEWED as symbols base 2 exponent 4 = 16

Both calculations are TRUE for the average person.
We are alive 24 hour per day and out LUNGS work 24 /7.
We are awake for base 16 hours  and we sleep 8 TIME COMPUTER  data bit hours.

Notice the English phrase 24/7  ...24 hours and 7 days a week ..secret CODE of molecular cell biology graduate students with brain symbolic processors.

The pharmacy  store is open for business 24/7 --> secret CODE  2= Double-Helix  4 nucleotides 7 Nitrogen atom of nitrogenous bases
..................................open.....bus
.............................open data bus  ... thus the bio-computer  data pipeline system that feeds the university knowledge collective ...data collection convergence center....like UW, Madison, Wisconsin.

Now...Nature has given us some signals ..that are difficult to clarify ... perhaps, someone can devise an experiment.

We have a 24 hour clock ---> MIRROR --> 42 .... and we have 42nd Street, TIME Square -->

viewed as  space/ TIME
or biological TIME  --->Time exponent  square  --> Time exponent 2  --> 4 exponent 2 = 16  at Time Square, Manhattan   with a

possible correlation to  the Base 16 April 16 HEX/curse bio-computer  shooting at Virginia TECH
with MR.CHO.....Nature's algebra subset agent for molecular cell biology .... ENGLISH language CELL messenger systems..... mito.CHO.ndria.

Thus BIO-MATH  Base 4 becomes important in Nature biochemistry symbolic architecture.

Base 4 exponent 1 --> 4 spells the letters od  acid
Base 4 exponent 2 --> 16 spells the 16 letters of Deoxyribonucleic
Base 4 exponent 3 ---> 64 codon combinations of DNA  AND DNA = Doubleword North America  64 = 32 + 32
Base 4 exponent 4 --> 256 and that links to official Base 16  Hexadecimal B100D ..... symbolic B100D types

Thus we have pieces to a interesting BIO-MATH puzzle about ourselves  and our version of Nature's   model:   Central Nervous System 370 abstract brain symbolic computer.

Thus we see bio-computers and their parallel copper-wire computers.

Thus the bio-computer above ..... has the NATURE's bio-math processor within him.
The  "CHIP on his Shoulder"  (a bio math logic  chip with additive abilities)  probably is constructed with the