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Humans are composed of molecules supplied by Nature's systems engineers ..... that engage in physical biology engineering, brain engineering, human behavior engineering, thought engineering, English language symbols engineering, science equations and formula, and social engineering.
These various projects of Nature are applied to experimental subsets of human. Actual testing is common science lab protocol ..... Nature uses EARTH LAB with humans and human groups.
Let's look at a chemistry molecule expression FORMAT ---> social chemistry and molecule social engineering ERROR signals.
The source of anger ....... covalent bonds in Illinois and Northern Illinois
A covalent bond is the chemical bond that involves the sharing of pairs of electrons between atoms. The stable balance of attractive and repulsive forces between atoms when they share electrons is known as covalent bonding. For many molecules, the sharing of electrons allows each atom to attain the equivalent of a full outer shell, corresponding to a stable electronic configuration.
Covalent bonding includes many kinds of interaction, including σ-bonding, π-bonding, metal-to-metal bonding, agostic interactions, and three-center two-electron bonds
In the molecule H2, the hydrogen atoms share the two electrons via covalent bonding. Covalency is greatest between atoms of similar electronegativities. Thus, covalent bonding does not necessarily require the two atoms be of the same elements, only that they be of comparable electronegativity. Although covalent bonding entails sharing of electrons, it is not necessarily delocalized.
The term "covalence" in regard to bonding was first used in 1919 by Irving Langmuir in a Journal of the American Chemical Society article entitled "The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules". Langmuir wrote that "we shall denote by the term covalence the number of pairs of electrons that a given atom shares with its neighbors."
The idea of covalent bonding can be traced several years before 1919 to Gilbert N. Lewis, who in 1916 described the sharing of electron pairs between atoms. He introduced the Lewis notation or electron dot notation or Lewis dot structure in which valence electrons (those in the outer shell) are represented as dots around the atomic symbols. Pairs of electrons located between atoms represent covalent bonds. Multiple pairs represent multiple bonds, such as double bonds and triple bonds. An alternative form of representation, not shown here, has bond-forming electron pairs represented as solid lines.
Lewis proposed that an atom forms enough covalent bonds to form a full (or closed) outer electron shell. In the methane diagram shown here, the carbon atom has a valence of four and is therefore surrounded by eight electrons (the octet rule); four from the carbon itself and four from the hydrogens bonded to it. Each hydrogen has a valence of one and is surrounded by two electrons (a duet rule) - its own one electron plus one from the carbon. The numbers of electrons correspond to full shells in the quantum theory of the atom; the outer shell of a carbon atom is the n=2 shell which can hold eight electrons, while the outer (and only) shell of a hydrogen atom is the n=1 shell which can hold only two.
While the idea of shared electron pairs provides an effective qualitative picture of covalent bonding, quantum mechanics is needed to understand the nature of these bonds and predict the structures and properties of simple molecules. Walter Heitler and Fritz London are credited with the first successful quantum mechanical explanation of a chemical bond, specifically that of molecular hydrogen, in 1927. Their work was based on the valence bond model, which assumes that a chemical bond is formed when there is good overlap between the atomic orbitals of participating atoms. These atomic orbitals are known to have specific angular relationships between each
--> the COLE Hall oceanography classroom for U.S.Navy intellectuals regarding the U.S.S.Cole of October 2000 and their university THINK TANK errors in the simple explanation.
Hydrogen atoms and an oxygen atom are close together.
Electrons from each atom feel the attraction from the protons in the nucleus of the other atom.
This attraction pulls the atoms together and the electrons are shared by both atoms.
The atoms bond because there is a strong enough attraction in both directions and room for the electrons in the outer energy level of the atoms.
The above water molecule ..... is shown below ... in the WATER geometry using the concrete/cement model of the univeristy campus builfing Cole Hall.
Above, we had the H and H symbols of the Hydogen atom represented in physical FORMAT VIA the larger sized ..... cement/concrete/brick builkfing lecture HALLS ..... lecture HALL 1 and lecture HALL 2 of Cole Hall.
Tto complete the water molecule design configuration ... we need an O = Oxygen .... a cirlce or round shape near Cole Hall.
The picture below shows the O = Oxygen patallel in the round driveway /walkway in front of the COLE HALL building ( the Hydrogen Halls).
The oceanography class provides additional information about the super-symmetry physics parallel of this situation.
Now let's look at the astrophysics VIEW of the UNitred States geography regions and its universities, campus buildings, Nature's SYMBOL MACHINEs that use English language alphabets and periodic atomic table symbols, college textbook information formula, humnan activity, etc .
THe astrophysics VIEW (like a NASA astronaut in a space station) sees EARTH and see the building below ...with the O = Region of Convergence (ROC) as used in signal processing analysis.
THus the SYMBOL MACHINE analysis of cement/concrete building label: Cole Hall and the O of the cement /concrete driveway gives ---> CHO.
Astrophysics chemistry sees symbol CO --> CO.valent social chemsitry bonf at new technology site ...DARPA virgin science at Virginia TECH ...and sees a MR,CHO........ Nature's Darwinianian selection of a covalent bond partner to complete the connection beween the 2 educational institutions.
The Virginia Tech massacre was a school shooting that took place on April 16, 2007, on the campus of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in Blacksburg, Virginia, United States. Seung-Hui Cho, a senior at Virginia Tech, shot and killed 32 people.
two separate attacks, approximately two hours apart --> data that helps describe the covalent bond of the 2 schools at 2 different levels of Sartre existential expression.
Northern Illinois University, Cole Hall DeKalb Feb 2007 .
Virginia TECH shooting in April 2007 ........... AP = APRIL, and AP = Astro.Physics events with the Hawking EVENT HORIZON --->
transformed to ----> EVENT HORROR that rises up and displays a tragic message.
We ought try to understand the SIGNAL about existence and the conflicts among dimensions in our atomic/molecular daily lives.
Ten thousand years ago the biochemistry molecules existed in physical biology ,,,,, but did not have symbol existence.
Thus ...in the last 100 years ..the last 50 years...since 1960 ... these molecules experienced Darwinian evolution into the world of symbols, nouns, flowcharts, etc. Now, in year 2103 we can perceive ...sometimes...that a molecule as 2 identities .... especially since the biochemistry textbooks are emerging into the James Joyce data stream of consciousness ... that influences thought and behavior.
Now, the astrophysics VIEW of EARTH is "The Tale of TWO CITIES" ..... physical buildings and symbol.s buildings.
Using general concepts ...we have
1) Cole Hall ..Oceanography ---> capital letter initials ----> CHO extensions into the symbol worlds -->
George Orwell and book 1984 and Oceania and propaganda AND physics wave mechanics and EM propagation waves
The HALL event CHO occurred on Feb 14, 2007
2) The 2nd HALL event CHO occurred on April 16, 007 at Norris engineering HALL with MR.CHO with English language engineering, social engineering, and the Virginia home of the .... Constitution of the UNITED STATES engineering.
Thus we see the convergence of these different engineering systems at Norris Hall at Virginia TECH.
Thus we see a few pieces to a puzzle --->